These little nuggets are some of the greatest ways to memorize information.
I know before I started nursing school, I never could have imagined the true scope of just HOW MUCH stuff would be stored up in that brain of mine!
Hyper or Hypo??
What symptom goes with what? Pulling out of hair had commenced!
SO…in order to hopefully make your life a little easier, I have compiled some of the Mnemonics regarding Hyperkalemia and Hypokalemia.
Causes of Hyperkalemia
Meds (ACEI, Beta Blockers)
Nephrons, renal failure
Signs of Hyperkalemia
Urine (oliguria or anuria)
Decreased cardiac contractility
EKG changes (peaked T waves or small P waves)
Reflexes (hyper or hypo)
Causes of Hypokalemia
Elevated beta-adrenergic activity
Signs of Hypokalemia
Lethal cardiac arrhythmia
Low, shallow respirations
Less stool (constipation)
If nothing else, you can always pull this stuff out at a dinner party and sound really smart, right???
You can find TONS of these great mnemonics in the full version of NCLEX Mastery! Happy studying friends! You are getting closer!!!
-Daphne Neuhaus, RN