These little nuggets are some of the greatest ways to memorize information.

I know before I started nursing school, I never could have imagined the true scope of just HOW MUCH stuff would be stored up in that brain of mine!

Hyper or Hypo??

What symptom goes with what? Pulling out of hair had commenced!

SO…in order to hopefully make your life a little easier, I have compiled some of the Mnemonics regarding Hyperkalemia and Hypokalemia.

potassium symbol

Causes of Hyperkalemia


Meds (ACEI, Beta Blockers)


Cellular Destruction

Hypoaldosteronism, hemolysis

Intake, excessive

Nephrons, renal failure

Excretion, impaired

ECG monitor stripSigns of Hyperkalemia


Muscle weakness

Urine (oliguria or anuria)

Respiratory Distress

Decreased cardiac contractility

EKG changes (peaked T waves or small P waves)

Reflexes (hyper or hypo)

renal tubules

Causes of Hypokalemia

G-R-A-P-H-I-C  I-D-E-A

GI losses



Periodic paralysis


Insulin excess

Cushing’s Syndrome

Insufficient intake


Elevated beta-adrenergic activity


potassium IV bag

Signs of Hypokalemia

6 L’s


Lethal cardiac arrhythmia

Leg cramps

Limp muscles

Low, shallow respirations

Less stool (constipation)


If nothing else, you can always pull this stuff out at a dinner party and sound really smart, right???  

You can find TONS of these great mnemonics in the full version of NCLEX Mastery! Happy studying friends! You are getting closer!!!

-Daphne Neuhaus, RN

Posted by Daphne Neuhaus, RN

One Comment

  1. Gladis Collins May 10, 2017 at 10:22 pm

    These are great!


Leave a Reply